Geography of SasaramThe city of Sasaram is located in the State of Bihar. The city is some times spelled as Sasseram or Sahasram, is administrative headquarter of Rohtas district. The geography of the city coordinates at 24.95°North, 84.03°East. The city of Sasaram has an average elevation of 150 meters from the sea level. The city is drained by the Son River, one of the largest southern tributaries of River Ganga. The valley is also drained with several small ponds and lakes that irrigate the city.
The city is situated in between several small hills and valleys with vast floral vegetation. Major minerals found in Sasaram though in small quantity are Steatite, Pyrites, Quartzite, Crude Mica and Lime Stone.
Climate in SasaramSasaram surrounded by hills from two sides experiences seasonable climate which is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. During the summer season, the city becomes very hot and humid and during the winter, the climate becomes very dry and cold. Sometime during the winter season, a thick layer of fog covers the entire city and reduces the visibility. During summer maximum temperature can reach as high as 45° C while during winters minimum temperature drops down to 10° C. However, the region observes a pleasant monsoon season from July to early October. During the three months of monsoon, the city observes light drizzling throughout the day and heavy rains showers during the night. The city enjoys a continental type of monsoon because of its distance from sea level.
Vegetation in SasaramDrained by river Son, the soil of Sasaram is very fertile and suitable for agriculture. The region of Sasaram has few dense vegetative spots with small hills around. The city is generally surrounded by greenery everywhere. The region is mostly surrounded by moist deciduous forest including herbs, scrub, grass and reeds. The region receives sufficient that encourages the vegetation like sal and teak.
Few common species of fauna found in the region are Diospyros melanoxylon (kendu), Boswellia serrata (salai), Terminalia tomentose (Asan), Terminalia bellayoica (Bahera), Terminalia Arjuna (Arjun), Pterocarpus Marsupium (Paisar) and Madhuca indica (Mahua). Apart from the historic importance, the city also has a prime importance in field of medicine. Several herbal and medicinal plant species are found in the region that is used to make ointments. Several medicinal herbs and shrubs are exported from the region to various pharmacy companies as a raw material for the production of essential medicines.